Saturday, June 18, 2011

In the Name of God, Most gracious, Most Merciful.

           Five Mandatory prayers a day.

How to offer the above prayers

There are seven conditions for a salaat to be corrected.
1-Niyyat (intention)
2-Tahrima (To say Allah Akbar)
3-Qiyam (Standing)
4-Qiraat (Recitation of Quran by mouth gently)
5-Ruku (To bow)
6-Sajda (Prostration)
7-Qa'da-i- Akhira (Last sitting)

Preparation for the Prayer (The Ablution). Declare the intention that the act is for the purpose of worship & purity.

  1. Start by saying: Bismillah
    Wash the hands up to the wrists, three times.
  2. Rinse out the mouth with water, three times.
  3. Cleanse the nostrils by sniffing water into them by the right hands & then eject the water with left hand, three times.
  4. Wash the whole face three times with both hands, from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin and from ear to ear.
  5. Wash the right arm three times up to the forend of the elbow, and then do the same with the left arm
  6. Wipe the whole head with a wet hand, once.
  7. Wipe the inner sides of the ears with the forefingers and their outer sides with the thumb. This should be done with wet fingers.
  8. Wash the two feet up to the ankles, three times, beginning with the right foot and then the left foot.

    The process ends with the recitation of the "Kalima-Shahadah"

 (I declare there is no god except Allah and I declare Mohammed is the messenger of Allah) 


Starting the Prayer by saying Takbir Tahrimah
Transliteration: Alla-hu Akbar
Translation: Allah is the greatest

Dua Al-Istiftah (Supplication of Starting) Recited only in the first Rakath
Transliteration: Subhana Kal-lah hum-ma wabi hamdika wata-bara kasmuka wata'ala jad-duka wala ilaha ghyruka.
Translation: Glory be to you, O Allah, and all praises are due unto you, and blessed is your name and high is your majesty and none is worthy of worship but you

Next recitation is called Ta'awwuz (Also recited only in the first Rakath)
Transliteration: A'uzu bil-lahi minash Shayta-nir-rajeem
Translation: I seek Allah's protection from Satan who is accursed.

After this, recite the Tasmiah (Should be recited in every Rakath before starting a Surah)
Transliteration: Bismillah hir-Rahma nir-Raheem
Translation: In the name of Allah, the most Kind and the most Merciful.

Surah Fatiha (Recited in every Rakath, very important to memorize)
Alhamdul lil-lahi rab-bil 'alameen
Ar rahma nir-raheem
Maliki yawmid-deen
Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'een
Ihdinas siratal mustaqeem
Siratal Lazeena an'amta 'alayhim
Ghai-ril maghdubi 'alayhim
Walad dal-leen. Ameen
Praise is only for Allah, Lord of the Universe.
The most Kind, the most Merciful.
The master of the Day of Judgement.
You alone we worship and to you alone we pray for help.
Show us the straight way,
The way of those whom you have blessed.
Who have not deserved your anger,
Nor gone astray.

After Surah Fatiha - recite any Surah from the Quran. Please note that the surah recited in the first rakath should be longer than the one recited in the second rakath.

 You can get some surahs at this link:

Supplication in Ruku (Vowing)
Recite Alla-hu Akbar before going to Ruku. While in Ruku, recite the following supplication 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 or more times. Make it an odd number.
Transliteration: Sub-hana Rabbi-al 'ajeem.
Translation: Glory to my Lord the Exalted.

Qawmah (Standing After Ruku)
Transliteration: Sami 'allah hu liman hamida. Rab-bana lakal hamd.
Translation: Verily Allah listens to one who praises Him. Oh our Lord, all praises be to you.

First Sajdah (Prostration)
Before going to the Sajdah, recite Alla-hu Akbar. While in Sajdah, recite the following supplication 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 or more times. Make it an odd number.
Transliteration: Sub-hana Rabbi yal a'la
Translation: Oh Allah, glory be to you, the most High.

Jalsah (Sitting between two Sajdah)
To rise and sit from the first Sajdah, recite Alla-hu Akbar. Sit for a short while and recite the following:
Transliteration: Allah hum maghfirlee war-ham nee
Translation: Oh Allah, forgive me, and have mercy on me

Second Sajdah
Recite Alla-hu Akbar before going to the second Sajdah from Jalsah. 
Recite the same supplication as the first Sajdah. Before starting second rakath, say Alla-hu Akbar while standing up.

Now, you have completed one Rakath. 
 Recite Tasmiah and Surah Fatiha. After Fatiha, recite tasmiah and another surah and proceed to Ruku by saying Alla-hu Akbar. Carry on the acts till the second Sajdah. After second Sajdah, say Alla-hu Akbar, but sit down for reciting Tashahud, Darud and some supplications before finishing the prayer with salam.

At-tahiy-yatu lil-lahi was sala-watu wat-tay yibatu
As-salamu 'alayka ay-yuhan-nabiy-yu
wa rahma tullahi wa bara-katuhu
As-salamu 'alayna wa'ala 'ibadil-la his-sali-heen
Ash hadu al-la ilaha il-lal lahu
wa ash hadu an-na Muhammadan
'ab-duhu wa rasuluh.
All compliments, all physical prayer,
and all monitary worship are for Allah.
Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet,
and Allah's mercy and blesings.
Peace be on us and on all righteous slaves of Allah.
I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah
And I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

NOTE: If you are offering 3 Rakath of salah (as in Maghrib), then after Tashahud in second Rakath, you say Alla-hu Akbar and stand up. Then you recite Tasmiah, Fatiha and other supplications. Note that a surah after Fatiha is only recited in the first two rakaths. Carry on till second Sajdah in the normal manner and sit for second Tashahud in the third Rakath. After that, you are to recite the following three supplications and finish the prayer. If you are offering 4 Rakath of salah, then don't sit for Tashahud in the third Rakath. Simply stand up after second Sajdah in the third rakath by saying Alla-hu Akbar. Carry on till second sajdah and sit for Tashahud in the fourth Rakath. Recite the following three supplications to finish the prayer.

Salat Alan-Nabi (Darud) - Salutation to the Prophet
Allah humma sal-li 'ala Muhammadin
wa 'ala ali Muhammadin,
Kama sal-layta 'ala Ibraheema
Wa'ala ali Ibraheema
innaka Hameedum Majeed
Allah humma barik 'ala Muhammadin
wa 'ala ali Muhammadin,
Kama barakta 'ala Ibraheema
Wa 'ala ali Ibraheema
innaka Hameedum Majeed.
Oh Allah, send grace and honour on Muhammad and
On the family and true followers of Muhammad
just as you sent Grace and Honour on Ibrahim
and on the family and true followers of Ibrahim
Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.
Oh Allah, send your blessing on Muhammad and
the true followers of Muhammad, just
as you sent blessings on Ibrahim
and his true followers
Surely, you are praiseworthy, the Great.

After Salat Alan-Nabi, recite the following:
Allah Humma Rabbana Aatina Fid Dunya Hasanah Wa Fil Akhirate Hasanah Wa Qina Azaban Naar.
O’ Allah! Our Sovereign Lord, grant us good in this world and the world hereafter and protect us. from the torment of hell.

Now, it's time to finish the prayer by saying Salam. Look towards your right shoulder and say it once then look towards your left shoulder and say it once again. Then you are done!
As-salamu 'alaykum wa rah-matul lah
Peace be on you and the mercy of Allah.

Some Important Notes for:

Four Rakat Namaz Farz offered alone: 
After reciting Attahiyyat in the second rakat, saying Allahu Akbar, stand, up in Qiyam for the third rakat. Recite only the Sura-i-Fateha, perform the ruku, two
 sajdahs and immediately stand up saying Allahu Akbar, for the fourth rakat. "Recite only the Sura-i-Fateha, perform the ruku, two sajdahs and complete the Namaz as in the second rakat of two rakat Namaz.

Four Rakat Namaz Sunnath & Nafil Alone :
Similar to four rakat farz offered alone except that even in the third and fourth rakats after reciting the Sura-i-Fateha in Qiyam, a portion of the Holy Quran is recited as in the first and second rakats.

Three Rakat (Farz & Vitar) offered alone:
Maghrib Farz: After reciting "Attahiyyat in the , second rakat, saying Allahu Akbar stand up in Qiyam and for the third rakat recite only Sura-i-Fateha, perform the ruku and sajdahs and complete the Namaz as in second rakat of two-rakat Namaz.

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